SEND

Sensory & Physical Difficulties

Sensory needs, which can be hearing loss and/or visual impairment or sensory processing difficulties and physical difficulties, can occur for a variety of reasons, e.g. congenital conditions (some progressive), injury or disease. The important consideration in this area is the degree to which the difficulties impact on a child’s or young person’s ability to access educational opportunities.

Hearing Loss
  • Hearing loss can be sensorineural, conductive or mixed
  • The levels of hearing loss are mild, moderate, severe or profound
Vision Loss
  • Visual impairment is an eye condition that cannot be fully corrected by glasses or contact lenses. The levels of vision are mild, moderate, severe or profound.
Multisensory Impairment
  • Multisensory impairment occurs when there is a hearing loss and visual impairment, which are both educationally significant although they may be at different levels.
Sensory Processing Difficulty

Our bodies and the environment send our brain information through our senses.  We process and organise this information so that we feel comfortable and secure. When a child has difficulty coping with these demands, they may have sensory processing difficulties.

A child may be under-sensitive or over-sensitive in the 5 areas:

  • Proprioception
  • Vestibular
  • Auditory
  • Oral Sensory
  • Tactile
Physical Difficulty

Physical/medical injures can be for a variety of reasons, e.g. congenital conditions (some progressive), injury or disease.

A child with a physical difficulty may have a diagnosed medical condition which affects them physically. There may be an undiagnosed condition where the child presents with delayed development or impairment with their physical ability and/or presentation.

https://www.towerhamlets.gov.uk/lgnl/health__social_care/disabilities/sight_and_hearing_service.aspx

https://www.aruma.com.au/about-us/about-disability/types-of-disabilities/types-of-sensory-disabilities/